Study & Test 27


Study the following words:


  1. Absolve (v.): to say publicly that someone is not guilty or responsible for something
  2. Augury (n.): a sign of what will happen in the future
  3. Bolster (v.): to strengthen something or somebody through support or encouragement
  4. Brevity (n.): the quality of expressing something in very few words
  5. Buttress (v.): to support a system, idea, argument etc, especially by providing money
  6. Culminate in (v.): if a process culminates in or with a particular event, it ends with that event
  7. Debunk (v.): to show that an idea or belief is false; disprove
  8. Dispute (v.): if you dispute a fact, statement, or theory, you say that it is incorrect or untrue
  9. Downside (n.): disadvantage; drawback; shortcoming
  10. Eclectic (adj.): including a mixture of many different things or people, especially so that you can use the best of all of them
  11. Emancipate (v.): o give someone the political or legal rights that they did not have before
  12. Encroach on (v.): to gradually take more of someone's time, possessions, rights etc than you should
  13. Flair (n.): a natural ability to do something very well
  14. Idiosyncratic (adj.): if you describe someone's actions or characteristics as idiosyncratic, you mean that they are rather unusual
  15. Infamy (n.): the state of being well-known because something bad
  16. Intact (adj.): not broken, damaged, or spoiled
  17. Lax (adj.): not strict or careful enough about standards of behavior, work, safety etc
  18. Meager (adj.): a meager amount of food, money etc is too small and is much less than you need
  19. Medley (n.): a mixture of different types of the same thing which produces an interesting or unusual effect
  20. Paltry (adj.): a paltry amount of something is too small to be useful or important
  21. Placate (v.): to make someone stop feeling angry; appease
  22. Primacy (n.): if someone or something has primacy, they are the best or most important person or thing
  23. Prosaic (adj.): boring or ordinary
  24. Raucous (adj.): impolite, noisy, and violent
  25. Sagacious (adj.): able to understand and judge things very well; wise
  26. Slake (v.): to satisfy a desire for something
  27. Subscribe to (v.): if you subscribe to an idea, you agree with it or support it
  28. Unstudied (adj.):  lacking knowledge gained by study often in a particular field
  29. Vivacity (n.): liveliness and high-spiritedness
  30. Voluble (ad.): talking too much; talkative



Answer the following questions.

1. Although the Impressionists painters appeared to earlier art historians to be _____ in their

     methods, recent analysis of their brush work suggest the contrary—that, in fact, their

     technique was quite sophisticated.

A. idiosyncratic

B. unstudied

C. eclectic

D. intact

E. lax


2. It is widely understood by educational researchers that preexisting cognitive organization

     can interfere with student learning; even if students appear to comprehend contemporary

     trends and concepts as they progress, earlier ways of understanding often reassert their

     _____ as soon as the students leave the classroom. (A) vivacity

(B) infamy

(C) primary

(D) medley

(E) brevity


     Select two answer choices.

3. Unwilling to admit that they had been in error, the researchers tried to _____their case

     with more data obtained from dubious sources.

A. emancipate

B. buttress

C. debunk

D. absolve

E. bolster

F. dispute


4. Archaeology is a poor profession; only (i) _____sums are available for excavating sites and

      even more (ii) _____ amounts for preserving the excavations.

           Blank (i)

              Blank (ii)

  A. sagacious

  D. voluble

  B. prosaic

  E. raucous

  C. paltry

  F. meager


5. One (i) _____ of the new scheme, which has made many not (ii) _____ it, is that it might

     actually (iii) _____ just those applicants that it was intended to encourage.

            Blank (i) 

                Blank (ii)

           Blank (iii)

  A.  downside

  D. subscribe to

  G. placate

  B.  augury

  E. culminate in

  H. slake

  C.  flair

  F. encroach on

   I. daunt



Answer key: 1. B   2. C   3. B/E    4. C/F     5. A/D/I